Marjorie had decided to not enroll her daughter in public school and instead enrolled her in the Home Study Institute, a Seventh Day Adventist correspondence course.[iii] The Levisens are Seventh Day Adventists who believe “that the child should not be educated in competition with other children because it produces a pugnacious character, that the necessary atmosphere of faith in the Bible cannot be obtained in the public school, and that for the first eight or ten years of a child’s life the field or garden is the best schoolroom, the mother the best teacher, and nature the best lesson book.”[iv] In the Illinois Supreme Court case , a critique of tax-funded, public education.”[vi] Bill Gothard incorporates Campus Teams, the organization that will later become the Institute in Basic Life Principles (IBLP).[vii] 1962 Many conservative Protestants pull their children out of public schools on account of Supreme Court decisions that force racial desegregation and ban school-officiated religious activities (such as school-sponsored Bible reading).
Anne Carroll creates the first Catholic homeschooling curriculum, Seton Home Study School.[lxiii] 1981 Michael Farris becomes head of Washington State’s Moral Majority, “the largest Moral Majority affiliate in the nation.”[lxiv] As the affiliate director, Farris debates Timothy Leary at Whitman College on LGBT rights.[lxv] R. Rushdoony starts being an “expert witness” in school court cases.[lxvi] Francis Schaeffer writes his book, , making him “the leading theorist of the ‘religion’ of secular humanism,” against which “the practice of Christian schooling increased.”[lxvii] Tim La Haye creates the Council for National Policy, once dubbed “the most powerful conservative group you’ve never heard of.”[lxviii] Bill Gothard writes his book, , the Court rules in favor of the parents, saying that, “While the state may adopt a policy requiring children to be educated, it does not have the unlimited power to require they be educated in a certain way or place.”[lxx] Michael Farris attends a pastor’s seminar taught by Bill Gothard and is converted to the Quiverfull movement.[lxxi] Michael Smith hears Raymond Moore on James Dobson’s Focus on the Family radio program and he and his wife Elizabeth decide to start homeschooling.The avalanche of mail we received at Focus on the Family after our initial broadcast with Ray in 1979 confirmed that his pioneering theories on education had found a receptive audience.” Note: email correspondence with Milton Gaither indicates that Moore first appeared on Focus on the Family on May 3 and 10, 1980, during a two-part show called “School Can Wait,”.[liii] Manfred Smith founds the Maryland Home Education Association.[lviii] Bill Gothard announces his resignation from the Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts due to, among numerous charges, sexual harassment accusations against him as well as accusations that he ignored his brother Steve’s sexually inappropriate relationships with IBYC employees.The Court declares, “Parents must be allowed to decide whether public school education, including its socialization aspects, is desirable or undesirable for their children.”[xlvi] Bob and Linda Session are tried in Iowa Magistrate Court for allegedly “failing to obtain equivalent instruction for their homeschooled 7-year-old.” However, the Sessions are ultimately victorious on appeal.The Iowa District Court rules that, “The state had failed to make its case that the Sessions’ homeschooling program was not equivalent to the instruction provided by a certified teacher.”[xlvii] ,[l] which has “an immediate and dramatic impact on the scope and prestige of homeschooling.” This show is profoundly influential on later homeschoolers, as “many of the first wave of homeschooling families trace their inspiration back to that first Donahue show.”[li] Steve Gothard, Bill Gothard’s brother and an employee of the Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts, is discovered to be having sexual relationships with numerous IBYC employees.Harris’s “early Homeschooling Workshops inspired thousands of families to begin homeschooling and many state homeschool organizations to launch annual state conferences.”[cvi] 1989 Bill Gothard’s organization, the Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts (originally called Campus Teams in 1961), is renamed the Institute in Basic Life Principles, the name which it continues to have today.[cvii] David Barton launches Wall Builders,[cviii] an organization dedicated to “educating the nation concerning the Godly foundation of our country” in order to inspire “public policies which reflect Biblical values.”[cix] Cheryl Seelhoff starts her homeschooling magazine , “a small magazine for (mostly) Christian women living the simple life at home.”[cx] 1990 Brian Ray creates the National Home Education Research Institute (NHERI).[cxi] HSLDA founds the National Center for Home Education “to serve state leaders by providing information about state and federal legislation of concern to home schoolers.”[cxii] Joyce Kinmont founds the LDS Home Educators Association.[cxiii] Christian Home Educators of Colorado is founded.[cxiv] After creating ATI’s and directing Bill Gothard’s ATI program for 6 years, Inge Cannon is invited by Michael Farris to head up HSLDA’s National Center for Home Education.[cxv] HSLDA membership reaches over 15,000 families and spans all 50 U. states.[cxvi] Cheryl Seelhoff appears on a Focus on the Family radio program, an appearance that “brought mounting attention to , a foundational text of the Quiverfull movement. Michael Smith, Doug and Jubilee Phillips, and HSLDA board member Dick Honnaker at HSLDA’s 2004 National Leadership Conference in Spokane, Washington..1991 During the 1990-91 school year, fewer than 2,000 homeschoolers sought assistance from HSLDA.[cxviii] HSLDA goes international with the formation of HSLDA Canada.[cxix] Jordan Lorence becomes a full-time attorney for HSLDA.[cxx] Doug Phillips begins working for HSLDA as their first law clerk.[cxxi] Inspired by the work of John Holt, Grace Llewellyn publishes her book . The book contends that “sending our children to the public school violates nearly every biblical principle” and homeschooling is the “biblical form of education.” Klicka includes a chapter by Gregg Harris that argues against interfaith homeschool support groups because “biblical methods of discipline may be reported by fellow group members to authorizes as ‘child abuse’” Klicka’s also includes a section written by R. Rushdoony, in which it is argued that a child’s will “must be broken.” [cxlv] IBLP and HSLDA stakeholders (including Bill Gothard, Michael Farris, and Jordan Lorence)[cxlvi] launch Oak Brook College of Law, a “law school for homeschoolers.”[cxlvii] 1996 HSLDA joins (and pays membership dues) to Tim La Haye’s Council for National Policy.[cxlviii] Michael Farris’s daughter, Christy Farris (now Christy Shipe), starts a homeschool debate league through HSLDA.[cxlix] Tim Echols incorporates Teen Pact, “with a mission to train youth to understand the political process, value their liberty, defend the Christian faith, and engage the culture.”[cl] Mary Pride’s sales of reach close to a quarter million copies.[cli] Grace Llewellyn founds the Not Back to School Camp.Many of the early seminal court decisions that helped to win the right to homeschool involved homeschoolers who were affiliated with CLASS.[xxi] 1970 Dr.Henry Morris founds the Institute for Creation Research.[xxii] 1971 Ivan Illich writes (a court case frequently cited by later homeschooling advocates and leaders), rules that Amish children could not be placed under compulsory education past the 8th grade. Yoder in favor of religious exemptions from compulsory school attendance.This idea was developed and amplified over the years by many authors, but most forcefully by John Holt.”[xi] John Holt writes . He makes Rushdoony’s book, , the basis of a seminar for students at L’Abri in Switzerland.[xiii] Wheaton College, Bill Gothard’s alma mater, invites Gothard “to design and teach a course based on his work with youth.” The course is given the name “Basic Youth Conflicts.”[xiv] 1965 R. Rushdoony founds the Chalcedon Foundation.[xv] The Foundation affirms homeschooling as not only one of the most important institutions for implementing Rushdoony’s ideology of Christian Reconstructionism,[xvi] but also “the only model for education given in the Bible.”[xvii] 1966 In New Jersey, Barbara and Frank Massa remove their daughter from public school to homeschool her.This book “created an uproar with his observations that forcing children to learn makes them unnaturally self-conscious about learning and stifles children’s initiative and creativity by making them focus on how to please the teachers and the schools with the answers they will reward best, a situation that creates a fake type of learning.”[xii] Francis Schaeffer first encounters the writings of R. This action leads to the 1967 New Jersey Superior Court decision that homeschoolers satisfy the “elsewhere than at school” portion of New Jersey’s compulsory school attendance statute.