In the 1980s, Ceaucescu's government charged citizens large sums for permission to leave the country, a policy Germans felt was aimed specifically at them.Since Ceaucescu's regime fell in 1989, many Germans have emigrated. The official language is Romanian, which has Latin roots that date back to the Roman occupation of the area but also contains words from Greek, Slavic languages, and Turkish.Today the Jewish population is estimated at less than 10,000.
The eastern and southern regions are characterized by rolling plains.
They eventually succumbed around 1500 and spent more than three hundred years under Turkish rule.
In 1601, the principalities of Moldavia, Walachia, and Transylvania were united for the first time under Prince Michael the Brave.
During Michael's reign, Romania maintained a degree of sovereignty, but after his death, the Turks again dominated the region.
They ruled through Greek officials who abused their power to exploit the peasants.