As such amendments can only be made by the Union Parliament.All India Services such as IAS and IPS have been created which are kept under the control of the Union.In a true federation such as that of United State of America every State irrespective of their size in terms of area or population it sends two representatives in the upper House i.e. In addition to all this, all important appointments such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Comptroller and Auditor General are made by the Union Government. There is no provision for separate Constitutions for the states.The States cannot propose amendments to, the Constitution.
The Constitution of India has adopted federal features; though it does not, in fact, claim that it establishes a federation.It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.But actually Indian constitution contains both features of a federal constitution and unitary constitution.The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.This question cannot be answered without going into the meaning of federalism and the essential features that are evident in federal state.In other words, Governor is the agent of the Centre in the States.The working of Indian federal system clearly reveals that the Governor has acted more as centre’s representative than as the head of the State.The supremacy of the constitution means that both, the Union and the State Governments, shall operate within the limits set by the Constitution.And both the union government and the central government derive their powers from the constitution.: The constitution of India is a rigid constitution and this is one of the basic features of federal constitution.After this procedure the amendment is signed by the head of the state i.e; the President.Since in India important amendments can be amended through this procedure Hence, Indian Constitution has been rightly called a rigid constitution. The Union List consists of 97 subjects of national importance such as Defence, Railways, Post and Telegraph, etc.