This is because white privilege cannot be easily measured.Ironically, part of whiteness’ privilege derives from its position as the “norm” against which all else can be made visible for dissection. In both South Africa and particularly in India, white men from the West benefit from positive stereotypes.I have argued in my research that it’s important to speak about the global ethnic economy.Whether one is studying the role of entrepreneurs in increasing growth or trying to understand labour market dynamics, factors like race, ethnicity, gender and so on should be accounted for.It also imbues him with special status in the gated residential community where he lives with his family.
My research focuses on migration and globalisation, primarily on what I call “frontier migration”: the movement of people, capital, technology, and ideas from a more “developed” economy to one that’s less “developed”.
This has been grimly illustrated by a spate of mob attacks on Africans in north India. This is often correlated with a higher socio-economic status, so lighter skinned foreigners also benefit from this positive bias.
A white South African man told me he feels “very welcome” in India because most Indians perceive him as a white Westerner, not an African.
Through my work in India and earlier research in South Africa, I have concluded that migrant experience is over-determined by perceived socio-economic class and what the migrant looks likeeye shape, height, hair texture, and race.
Traditional economists cannot quantify or measure the effect of white male privilege in facilitating business dealings or obtaining employment in emerging market economies.